Spot Lighting is a focused beam of light that can be used to illuminate interesting features, architectural details and statuary. When it’s possible, positioning the spotlight so that its overhead minimizes glare and tends to supply a direct
light bath to the subject.
Silhouetting is a lighting technique to highlight vegetation and interesting shaped objects outside of your home. Placing a fixture directly behind the subject and pointing it vertically on a surface displays a dark outline of the subject
to the foreground observer. This light source will accent the shape of an object, it’s not a lighting technique that will highlight color or texture. Remember to not use this technique near windows or too close to your neighbors, you goal
is to washout the background and have the object in the foreground create a focal point.
Opposite of creating silhouettes is creating shadows. Use interesting shaped objects or vegetation, place the fixture directly in the front of the subject and aim the light through it so that it casts a shadow on the surface vertically. To
enlarge a shadow on a subject, position the fixture closer to the subject so that the shadow is created larger on the surface. This technique can also be used to add security lighting to your home or business. If you are looking for the
most detailed shadowing affect, flat surfaces or wall with no texture work best.
Flood lighting works best to light up signs after dark. It’s important to select optics that will complement the orientation of your signage: If the signage is horizontal and wide, try using a horizontal shaped flood light so that the beam
illuminates at its best. While vertical optics on a flood light will better illuminate tall objects.
Concealing a fixture in a tree and aiming it downward creates the tranquil effect of light filtering through the branches on a moonlit night. Moon lighting fixtures should be hidden and positioned as high as possible. For a complementary effect,
a luminaire may be installed on the ground and pointed upward to illuminate the tree itself.
Up Lighting is a technique used to highlight the beauty of trees and architectural detailing. Illuminating repeating patterns, windows, archways and flowering trees will bring attention to these features after dark.
By alternating the lights on different sides of the path is a nice alternative to the standard uniform path lighting set-up. Path lights should be spaced about 5-8 feet apart depending on the light output. Properly spacing out path lights
will allow you to create a more efficient usage of your fixtures and create a safer route from point A to point B.
Path & Spread Lighting
The technique of low-level and evenly dispersed illumination will work best for flowers, shrubs and other types of ground cover. Fully shielded fixtures (path lights) work best to reduce glare. However partially shielded fixtures may be positioned
in deeper foliage landscapes where the additional light will serve to backlight greenery. Spread lighting is a technique that may also be used underwater to illuminate an ornamental pond.
Underwater illumination amplifies the dramatic effect of fountains, adding visual warmth and interest to parks, town squares and shopping centers. To use the water as a mirror, light the area behind the reflecting surface. Also, add colored
lenses for dramatic effect.
Unlock the natural beauty of a pond or water garden after sundown by highlighting with underwater fixtures. In addition to extending the charm of the feature after dark, pond lighting gives you the option of using color lenses for the different
Grazing is an ideal lighting approach to bring out the textured beauty of stone or brick surfaced walls, privacy fences, chimneys, and other interesting masonary. By achieving this technique its best to position a luminaire within six to eight
inches of a façade and aiming it 90 degrees vertically. The illumination will graze the surface displaying the details on the wall nicely.
Down lighting is a common technique used to supply light to a wide area from high above. Mounting lights high in trees will help broadcast a large source of light over a wide area down below. This type of installation creates general ambient
light for backyard entertaining and also illuminates for safety and security. Down lighting fixtures can also be installed under eaves of a structure to highlight architectural detail.
Using light to accent steps pays dividends in beauty and safety, allowing visitors to navigate with ease. Fixtures can be recessed into steps risers, underneath railings, and as surface lights on vertical posts.
Deck Lighting is another way to enhance safety and accent design. Spotlight changes in elevation, deck edges, and drop-offs. Fixtures can be concealed beneath benches, underneath railings, and as a surface lights on vertical posts.
Eliminating dark areas where intruders can hide is an effective crime deterrent. Security lighting can be created without harsh glare by installing low-level lighting or accent lighting in and around the landscape of a home or business. The
right combination will improve both appearance and security.